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Power Relations and Judicial Corruption in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Mehdi Khosravi

In order to understand the political structure and stability in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the nature of the Islamic judicial system in the country must be analysed. This book undertakes this responsibility and is the first comprehensive study of structurally deep-rooted corruption in the Islamic judiciary system. The findings of this research show that corruption in the judiciary is widespread in breadth and depth. This corruption has infiltrated every sector of the Islamic regime to the point where it impacts the day-to-day routine of the Iranian people.

Without a doubt, the influence of the Supreme Leader on the judiciary is the most prominent factor in the formation of judicial corruption and its epidemical spread to other parts of the government. This judicial corruption has calamitous consequences on Iranian society and has endangered society’s security. It has infringed on human rights, caused a dwindling economy, devalued the rule of law, and delayed social progress in the country.

This book will be of interest to students of legal studies, political science, Islamic studies, sociology, or religious studies. The book also provides precious insights for journalists, civil service employees, decision-makers, and all of those who are interested in discovering the reason for brutality in the Islamic judiciary. The book also provides useful information for the learned societies and research centres that are concentrated on Iranian studies, criminology, good governance, rule of law, and criminal justice systems.

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Chapter 1: Introduction





White collar crimes such as corruption and fraud could have severe consequences in society. Damage from the international financial crisis in 2008–2009 was over eleven thousand billion dollars, which has had an adverse effect on the world’s economy. One of the main factors of this crisis was fraud and corruption in the process of loan applications in the United States (Button & Tunely, 2016). What is astonishing is that even in developed countries, necessary attention is not given to this issue. Most politicians do not dedicate enough budget and facilities to this very sensitive matter. For instance in the UK, politicians attempt to allocate more police resources to other crimes such as knife crime, and not as much to fraud or corruption (Levi, 2003).

In recent years, though Iranian citizens and the media hold more debates about corruption among executives and senior authorities in power, they have not spent much time on its outcomes or the roots of corruption.

It is worth noting that corruption comes in different forms, with consequences varying from case to case. Some do more harm and damage compared to other forms. For example, corruption in banks can cause the destruction of the economy, whereas corruption affecting environments could carry more adverse ←1 | 2→social consequences (Klitgaard, 1998). Negative consequences of corruption on society are far beyond the exchanging of a sum of money to do an illegal job, or the seizing...

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