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Power Relations and Judicial Corruption in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Mehdi Khosravi

In order to understand the political structure and stability in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the nature of the Islamic judicial system in the country must be analysed. This book undertakes this responsibility and is the first comprehensive study of structurally deep-rooted corruption in the Islamic judiciary system. The findings of this research show that corruption in the judiciary is widespread in breadth and depth. This corruption has infiltrated every sector of the Islamic regime to the point where it impacts the day-to-day routine of the Iranian people.

Without a doubt, the influence of the Supreme Leader on the judiciary is the most prominent factor in the formation of judicial corruption and its epidemical spread to other parts of the government. This judicial corruption has calamitous consequences on Iranian society and has endangered society’s security. It has infringed on human rights, caused a dwindling economy, devalued the rule of law, and delayed social progress in the country.

This book will be of interest to students of legal studies, political science, Islamic studies, sociology, or religious studies. The book also provides precious insights for journalists, civil service employees, decision-makers, and all of those who are interested in discovering the reason for brutality in the Islamic judiciary. The book also provides useful information for the learned societies and research centres that are concentrated on Iranian studies, criminology, good governance, rule of law, and criminal justice systems.

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Chapter 4: Research Methodology

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4

Research Methodology

Research Approach

Introduction of Applicable Research Methods

Firstly, the two qualitative and quantitative approaches will be introduced.

1. Quantitative methods: A quantitative approach is a research method that attempts to explain a social phenomenon or prove a theory with the help of statistics and measurements of variables.

2. Qualitative methods: As described by Strauss and Corbin (1990) a research method that offers results other than quantitative statistics and methods is called a qualitative approach.

The Research Approach of This Treatise

Under normal circumstances it is possible to investigate corruption using the quantitative method by collecting statistics. But this approach is not feasible in Iran. Therefore, a qualitative approach has been chosen as the research method.

It is not possible to select a quantitative approach as criticism of the judiciary in Iran can have serious consequences. Hence, access to first-hand information such as the submission of questionnaires to ordinary judiciary clients is not available. There is no statistical information available with regard to judicial corruption in Iran.

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