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Power Relations and Judicial Corruption in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Mehdi Khosravi

In order to understand the political structure and stability in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the nature of the Islamic judicial system in the country must be analysed. This book undertakes this responsibility and is the first comprehensive study of structurally deep-rooted corruption in the Islamic judiciary system. The findings of this research show that corruption in the judiciary is widespread in breadth and depth. This corruption has infiltrated every sector of the Islamic regime to the point where it impacts the day-to-day routine of the Iranian people.

Without a doubt, the influence of the Supreme Leader on the judiciary is the most prominent factor in the formation of judicial corruption and its epidemical spread to other parts of the government. This judicial corruption has calamitous consequences on Iranian society and has endangered society’s security. It has infringed on human rights, caused a dwindling economy, devalued the rule of law, and delayed social progress in the country.

This book will be of interest to students of legal studies, political science, Islamic studies, sociology, or religious studies. The book also provides precious insights for journalists, civil service employees, decision-makers, and all of those who are interested in discovering the reason for brutality in the Islamic judiciary. The book also provides useful information for the learned societies and research centres that are concentrated on Iranian studies, criminology, good governance, rule of law, and criminal justice systems.

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Chapter 7: Conclusion

Extract

7

Conclusion

In this section we will summarise the results of the research team.

Summary of Findings

According to the interviews, it can be concluded that Iran’s judicial system is corrupt, and this corruption is also widespread. The Supreme leader has laid the cornerstone of judicial corruption in Iran by using it as a means to suppress critics or opponents. For the judiciary to be able to act as a suppressive organisation, previous and current supreme leaders have taken the following steps:

• There has been a poor structure designed for the judiciary with no personal independence for the judges or organisational independence for the judiciary.

• Secondly, the disciplinary court has been disarmed in its ability to combat corruption.

• And thirdly, the freedom of the press has been restricted.

The former World Bank’s General Counsel, Shihata, claimed: “Systems can corrupt people as much as, if not more than, people are capable of corrupting ←153 | 154→systems” (The World Bank, 1997, p. 20). Under normal circumstances, individuals or firms, including some financial agencies, opt to pay bribes to achieve reductions in costs (Joang, 2010). The situation with Iran’s judiciary is different. In fact, in many cases, judges force citizens to pay bribes.

The following points can be cited as the main findings of the research:

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