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Africa in Europe and Europe in Africa

Reassessing the Cultural Legacy

Edited By Yolanda Aixelà-Cabré

This book studies the Afro-European and Euro-African past and present from an interdisciplinary and comparative perspective. It addresses Africa as a whole, eschewing historical divisions between North and Sub-Saharan Africa. Its content exemplifies the extent to which the histories of Europe and Africa are intertwined, and the way European sources are usually privileged in the writing of historical accounts of cross-cultural encounters. Using post/decolonial studies, the authors' point of view is based on anthropology, history, ethnomusicology, and film and literary studies. The authors argue that mutual experiences and imaginations have affected how cultural heritage and legacy are conceived and thought of, as well as memories and sociopolitical experiences. The aim is to establish and encourage a broader knowledge of Africa–Europe and Europe–Africa encounters, incorporating case studies of Euro-African and Afro-European legacies. The final goal is to favour a more relational point of view by comparing Euro-African and Afro-European realities.

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2. Memories of Segregation, Racism, Gender and Naming: YOLANDA AIXELÀ-CABRÉ

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YOLANDA AIXELÀ-CABRÉ

IMF-CSIC (Spain), Barcelona

The aim of this chapter is to unveil the relations established in some colonial contexts in Morocco and Equatorial Guinea among the Spanish and their populations through postcolonial and decolonial lenses.1 This analysis will be based on recovering memories from former civil Spanish settlers, testimonies that oppose to Moroccan and Equatorial Guinean memories in order to analyze the intercultural relations. The central premise is that there were contexts in which complicities between populations were minimal, leading to a strong segregation and racism in terms of gender, despite the fact that Santa Isabel, or especially Tétouan, managed better ethnicities and cultures, which in some sense was used to improve the image of Spanish colonialism in Africa, as their strictest practices in other areas became invisible (Aixelà-Cabré 2019). As I will show, the naming system used to refer Africans during this period severely anonymised and humiliated both men and women.2

The chosen case studies are Al-Hoceima (Rif region, Protectorate of Morocco) and Oveng (Bata district, Spanish Territories of the Gulf of Guinea), places where the Spanish imposed their interests and perspective of the world throughout colonization (Martín Márquez 2011). Highly androcentric and hierarchical social and work relations took place, converging with colonial rhetoric, refuting the concept of “race” that Francoism tried to promote, and toughening exploitation systems (Nerín 1999: 49–51). Al-Hoceima and Oveng were the center of contexts in which Spanishness was...

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