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Sociology, Politics, and Human Nature

Rafael Yanushevsky

Written by an expert with more than 30 years of experience in system and control theories, Sociology, Politicians, and Human Nature presents a structural approach to macrosociological systems that describes pre cisely the dynamics of societal systems. The author provides an innovative presentation of the theoretical aspects of societal systems dynamics. This book enriches readers knowledge about human societies, their development and moving forces, and it enables readers to filter and better understand social media information.

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2 Lessons of History

Extract

“Those that fail to learn from history, are doomed to repeat it.”

—Winston Churchill

Sociology is a conglomerate of various disciplines related to human behavior. If the development of a theory of a process or phenomena belonging to non-live nature is based on extensive experiments, the testing of humans are limited by the necessity to guarantee their safety. As to the societal research, the only source of information is the existing historic materials which bear a subjective imprint—their authors’ attitude toward the described events. To present properly the historic material within the chosen time frame and use it for building a societal dynamic model, it is of importance to choose such characteristics, factors, or properties that generate societal changes. Usually, such an approach is utilized for classification of societies, determining their types based on certain characteristics.

Below we will use the classification based on economic factors (technological advances) indicated in Chapter 1 and widely used by sociologists and anthropologists. Economic factors, such as the mode of production (the way of producing goods and services: the forces of production and the relations of production) and the means of production, are used by Marx (1999). Marx distinguishes five principal types of societies: primitive, Asiatic, ancient, feudal and capitalist. Unfortunately, Marx made the main accent on political aspects of the production process (who controls the means of production) rather than economy. This explains blunders of his theory, which we will discuss in Chapter 3, as well...

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