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Sociology, Politics, and Human Nature

Rafael Yanushevsky

Written by an expert with more than 30 years of experience in system and control theories, Sociology, Politicians, and Human Nature presents a structural approach to macrosociological systems that describes pre cisely the dynamics of societal systems. The author provides an innovative presentation of the theoretical aspects of societal systems dynamics. This book enriches readers knowledge about human societies, their development and moving forces, and it enables readers to filter and better understand social media information.

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3 Societal Dynamics and Ideology

Extract

“The care of human life and happiness, and not their destruction, is the first and only object of good government.”

—Thomas Jefferson

Social development theory, the essential part of sociology, should explain qualitative changes in the structure of society that can help better realize its aims and objectives. The historical examples of societal development enable us to check the validity of the existing social theories, evaluate them from the views of contemporary post-industrial societies of the 21th century.

Although the first hunting and gathering societies had appeared about two million years ago, they still exist (e.g., in Kalahari Desert of Africa). Pastoral societies are still in remote areas of Africa, far from political and economic centers. They inhabit some of the most fragile and harsh environments in Africa, where a large percentage of land is not suitable for crop agriculture, making livestock the lifeline providing food, income, inputs, means of transport and fulfilling other ←57 | 58→socio-cultural needs. Horticultural societies exist to this day and can be found primarily in wet, tropical climates in Southeast Asia, South America, and Africa. As to agricultural societies, about 80 percent of countries are still agricultural and about 45 percent of the world’s population makes their living through agriculture. The proportion of the population involved in agriculture ranges from about 2 percent in the United States to about 80 percent in some parts of Asia and Africa.

The existing industrial and agricultural countries differ by types...

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