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Theory of Power

Marx, Foucault, Neo-Zapatismo

Carlos Antonio Aguirre Rojas

The subject of power (singular) and multiple social powers (plural) is unquestionably central to contemporary societies all over the globe. Growing stronger and expanding farther all the time, the world’s anti-systemic movements have been forced to address this issue—the nature of power and powers—as among their most pressing debates. In the process, these movements have also been forced to consider the best possible strategy for confronting them. Should they seize political power, even if they run the risk of simply reproducing it? Should they destroy it altogether? Is it enough to destroy political power while economic, ideological, military, and religious powers remain untouched? And what is the most effective anti-capitalist and anti-systemic way to confront, defeat, and overcome the many different powers found in all present-day societies on Earth? To answer such questions, among others, this book discusses the rich, complex contributions of Karl Marx, Michel Foucault, and neo-Zapatismo to a complicated and essential subject: the theory of power.
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. It can be summarized in the wise neo-Zapatista phrase that reminds us that “what’s left has yet to come.” A clear, open-ended (in)conclusion, this idea is also an intelligent prophecy and an explicitly rebellious promise. We must stay alert so that we can recognize what’s left, what has yet to come; we must organize from below and from the left in order to encourage, construct, and strengthen it. There is no question: in a not-too-distant future, we will receive and celebrate its gradual triumph in Mexico, Latin America, and all over the world. What’s left has yet to come!


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