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Tertullian’s Use of the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter, and Jude

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Mark A. Frisius

In Tertullian’s Use of the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter, and Jude, Mark A. Frisius establishes that Tertullian (a third-century theologian) only used the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, and 1 Peter, although he at least knew of Jude. It is further demonstrated that he had no knowledge of James or 2 Peter, which has a distinct bearing on the emergence of the New Testament canon. Tertullian interprets these five texts in various ways, but always with an eye toward confrontational discourse. The author assesses Tertullian’s varying interpretive principles and also considers the effects of Montanism on his interpretive procedures. In conclusion, Frisius demonstrates that the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, and 1 Peter provided Tertullian with significant material for his theological controversies. This book, in addition to being a resource for scholars, is also useful in senior level and graduate courses on ancient biblical interpretation.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY Aalders, Gerhard J. D. “Tertullian’s Quotations from St Luke.” Mnemosyne 5, no. 3 (1937): 241– 82. ———. Tertullianus’ citaten uit de evangeliën en de oud-latijnsche bijbelvertalingen. Amsterdam: H. J. Paris, 1932. “Acts of Apollonius.” In Documents Illustrative of the History of the Church, edited by B. J. Kidd, 130– 35. New York: MacMillan, 1920. Arterbury, Andrew. Entertaining Angels: Early Christian Hospitality in Its Mediterranean Setting. Vol. 8 of New Testament Monographs. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2005. Attridge, Harold W. The Epistle to the Hebrews. Edited by Helmut Koester. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1989. Aulén, Gustav. Christus Victor: An Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of the Atonement. Translated by A. G. Herbert. New York: MacMillan Press, 1977. Aune, David E. Revelation 6–16. Vol. 52B of Word Biblical Commentary. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1998. Ayers, Robert H. Language, Logic, and Reason in the Church Fathers: A study of Tertullian, Augustine, and Aquinas. Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1979. Ayres, Lewis. Nicaea and Its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-century Trinitarian Theology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Balfour, I. L. S. “Tertullian’s Description of the Heathen.” StPatr 17 (1982): 785–89. Bang, Peter Fibiger. The Roman Bazaar: A Comparative Study of Trade and Markets in a Tributary Empire . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Barnes, Timothy D. Tertullian: A Historical and Literary Study. Oxford: Clarendon, 1985. ———. “Tertullian’s Scorpiace.” JTS, N.S. 19 (1969): 105–32. Barth, Markus. Ephesians. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1974. Bassler, Jouette M. 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy,...

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