Churchill, Roosevelt and the Holocaust
3. The Importance of Silence 71
Chapter 3: The Importance of Silence Although the Allies issued a Declaration about the Holocaust in December 1942, read by British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden in the House of Commons, the principal leaders of Great Britain and the United States—the men upon whom world attention was understandably focused—never perso- nally addressed the subject of Hitler’s Final Solution. Never personally and publicly did they speak about it during the whole course of the Second World War. Even the March 1944 Roosevelt statement was an utterance issued in the President’s name. No one ever saw or heard the President of the United States, or the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, address the Nazi ex- termination of the Jewish people of Europe. Neither Churchill nor Roosevelt ever alluded to their own personal knowledge, and presumably disapproval, of the Nazi policy of killing the Jews, much less, of course, to the manner in which the Nazis were actually doing it. The December 17, 1942 Declaration was an acknowledgment of the Nazi extermination policy, and by implication, it indicated that there was some- thing unique about it in comparison to the treatment of all the other Nazi conquered peoples of Europe. According to the London Declaration, Jews were being transported to camps in Poland from all over Europe; men, wom- en, and children. Once taken there, they vanished. The Declaration did not mention any of the methods used by Nazi murderers in this process, although by the end of 1942 a great...
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