Churchill, Roosevelt and the Holocaust
7. Chroniclers and Commentators: A Question of Inference 225
Chapter 7: Chroniclers and Commentators: A Question of Inference This is what Alan Bullock had to say about Hitler and the Final Solution in his brilliant biography, Hitler, A Study in Tyranny, written in the early 1950’s: Himmler organized the extermination of the Jews, but the man in whose mind so grotesque a plan had been conceived was Hitler. Without Hitler’s authority, Himm- ler, a man solely of subordinate virtues, would never have dared to act on his own. This was the subject of more secret talks ‘unter vier Augen’ between the Fuehrer and the Reichsfuehrer S.S. at which no one else (save occasionally Bormann) was allowed to be present and of which no records survive. In 1960, William Shirer wrote in his Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: “Himmler and Heydrich were assigned by Hitler to liquidate the Jews.” In 1989, an American historian, Louis Snyder, wrote in his Encyclopedia of the Third Reich that the Final Solution, or Endlosung, was the “cover name of Hitler’s plan to destroy all the Jews in Europe.” The judgment of history overwhelmingly and appropriately identifies the Holocaust with Adolf Hitler. It does so entirely on the basis of inference. Hit- ler’s order to murder the Jews of Europe has never been verified by a docu- ment or sworn to by a witness. Personally, he is not known to have shot, strangled, stabbed, or starved a single Jew. But he was the master of the Third Reich obsessed by a hatred of...
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