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The Matthean Beatitudes in Their Jewish Origins

A Literary and Speech Act Analysis

Series:

Michelle Howell Hancock

The Matthean Beatitudes in Their Jewish Origins: A Literary and Speech Act Analysis examines how Matthew used Jewish concepts as paradigmatic utterances for the Matthean community. In fact, the Gospel of Matthew was the most Jewish of the Synoptic Gospels, and Matthew’s paradigm was the needed transition for understanding the role of the new community post-70 AD. The importance and role of Jewish concepts is evident in Matthew’s work. More specifically, the literary nature of the Beatitudes demonstrates a composition that evolved from oral origins. Speech act theory is utilized to point out the oral features of the text as well as to reveal what Jesus did in his sayings. Moreover, a speech act model is presented and applied to the Beatitudes’ pericope. Their significance lies in the authoritative utterances of Jesus. By employing speech act theory on the Beatitudes, the sayings of Jesus are investigated to illustrate the force of his eloquence on the Christian community.

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Subject Index 327

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Subject Index ~A~ Agathos Daimon, 144 akolotheō, 98–101, 115, 145, 184 aphorisms, aphoristic sayings, 71, 205–209, 280 apocalyptic, apocalypticism, genre of, 12–13, 74, 121, 127–128, 195, 201–202, 208, 283–284 worldview, 3, 5, 13, 19, 66, 90, 92, 124, 198, 201–205, 208 Apollonia, 173–174 aŝar, 121–122 ascriptions, 196–197 Augustine , 155 author, 16, 37–38, 65, 75, 102–103, 118, 129, 183–192, 194, 196, 199, 208–211, 213–214, 216, 218–219, 241, 244–245, 250, 253, 269, 284 ~B~ Beatitudes, experiential, 4, 6, 119, 123, 130, 168, 283–284 genre of, 196–208 Jesus’ pronouncements of, 61, 82, 88– 93, 97, 114–115, 119, 126, 284–285, 287 oral performance, 8–10, 72–73, 288–289 poetic form, 13, 209–222 structure, 12–13, 184 views of, 3–6 biography, 49, 76–78 Birkat ha–Minim, 63 bless, blessing, bārak, 121–122 eulogēo, 122, 287 life, state of being , 14–15, 200, 205, 222, 268, 271, 274, 285–286 makarioi, 119–123, 204 priestly, 63–64, 122, 204, 218, 252 pronouncement of, 5, 15, 19, 61, 64, 67, 92, 105–107, 121–122, 140, 145, 154, 179, 203, 217, 228, 234, 242–243, 250, 266–268, 274, 283, 289 recipients of , 131–148, 197, 271–274 “Rule of Blessings” (1QSb), 64, 203 ~C~ catechism, catechetic, 8, 12, 26 chiasm, chiastic, 12–13, 69, 91, 107–108, 206, 219, 224, 226–227 Christ (Jesus), Christological, 11, 19, 27,...

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