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Metaphor and Masculinity in Hosea


Susan E. Haddox

The metaphors in Hosea are rich and varied, comprising both gendered and non-gendered image fields. This book examines the use of metaphor in Hosea through the lens of masculinity studies, which provides a means to elucidate connections between the images and to analyze their cumulative rhetorical effect. The rhetoric of both the gendered and non-gendered imagery is analyzed using a model from cognitive anthropology, which divides social space along three axes: activity, potency, and goodness. People use metaphors to position and to move one another within this space. These axes reveal how the metaphors in Hosea rhetorically relate the audience, represented by Ephraim/Israel, and YHWH to a particular construction of masculinity. Hosea uses the imagery of Assyrian treaty curses to reinforce YHWH’s masculinity and dominance, while undermining the masculinity of the audience. The rhetoric of the text attempts to bring the audience into an appropriately subordinate position with respect to YHWH and to shape its members’ actions and attitudes accordingly.


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List of Abbreviations xiii


ABBREVIATIONS AB Anchor Bible ABD Anchor Bible Dictionary. Edited by David Noel Freedman. 6 vols. New York, 1992 ACEBTSup Amsterdamse Cahiers voor Exegese van de Bijbel en zijn Tradities: Supplement Series ANE Ancient Near East ANET Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. Edited by James B. Pritchard. 3d ed. Princeton, 1969 AOAT Alter Orient und Altes Testament BibInt Biblical Interpretation BibOr Biblica et orientalia BRLAJ Brill Reference Library of Ancient Judaism BTB Biblical Theology Bulletin BWANT Beiträge zur Wissenschaft vom Alten und Neuen Testament BZ Biblische Zeitschrift BZAW Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft CBET Contributions to Biblical Exegesis and Theology CBQ Catholic Biblical Quarterly CBSC Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges CLR Cognitive Linguistics Research ConBOT Coniectanea biblica: Old Testament Series CSSA Cambridge Studies in Social Anthropology ETL Ephemerides theologicae lovanienses FCB Feminist Companion to the Bible FZAT Forschungen zum Alten Testament GCT Gender, Culture, Theory HB Hebrew Bible HBT Horizons in Biblical Theology HSM Harvard Semitic Monographs ICC International Critical Commentary IDB The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible Edited by G. A. Buttrick. 4 vols. Nashville, 1962 xiv Metaphor and Masculinity in Hosea JBL Journal of Biblical Literature JBQ Jewish Bible Quarterly JCS Journal of Cuneiform Studies JNSL Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages JSOT Journal for the Study of the Old Testament JSOTSup Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series KAT Kommentar zum Alten Testament KHC Kurzer Hand-Commentar zum Alten Testament LCL Loeb Classical Library NAC New American Commentary...

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