Drawing on phenomenological and intertextual theories from Ladislaus Boros, Julia Kristeva, Theodor Adorno, and Peter Galison, Poets’ First and Last Books in Dialogue examines the relevant texts of Robert Lowell, Elizabeth Bishop, Anne Sexton, Thom Gunn, Sylvia Plath, and Ted Hughes. In each of these poets’ first books, Thomas Simmons examines both the evidence of some new phenomenon and a limit or unsolved problem that finds its resolution only in a specific conversation with the final text. By placing the texts in dialogue, Simmons unveils a new internal language in the work of these groundbreaking poets. The character of this illumination expands in a coda on Robert Pinsky, whose career is particularly marked by what neurologist Antonio Damasio calls the moment of «stepping into the light.»
BIBLIOGRAPHY Adorno, Theodor. Minima Moralia: Reflections from Damaged Life. Trans. E.F.N. Jeph- cott. New York: Shocken Books, 1974. Alexander, Paul. “Introduction.” Ariel Ascending: Writings about Sylvia Plath. Ed. Paul Alexander. New York: Harper and Row, 1985. ⎯⎯⎯. Rough Magic: A Biography of Sylvia Plath. New York: Da Capo Press, 1999. Alighieri, Dante. The Inferno of Dante: A New Verse Translation by Robert Pinsky. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1994. Allen, Graham. Intertextuality. London and New York: Routledge, 2000. Anderson, Linda and Jo Shapcott. Elizabeth Bishop: Poet of the Periphery. Newcastle: University of Newcastle Press/BloodAxe Books, 2002. Annas, Pamela J. A Disturbance in Mirrors: The Poetry of Sylvia Plath. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988. Archambeau, Robert: Laureates and Heretics: Six Careers in American Poetry. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2010. Axelrod, Steven Gould. “Elizabeth Bishop and Containment Policy.” American Litera- ture 75.4 (2004): 843-67. ———. “Introduction.” The Critical Response to Robert Lowell. Ed. Steven Gould Axel- rod. Westport, Conn. and London: Greenwood Press, 1999. ⎯⎯⎯. “Lowell’s Living Name: An Introduction.” Robert Lowell: Essays on the Poetry. Ed. Steven Gould Axelrod and Helen Deese. London and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986. ———. Robert Lowell: Life and Art. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978. ———. Sylvia Plath: The Wound and the Cure of Words. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1990. Bassnett, Susan. Sylvia Plath: An Introduction to the Poetry. 2nd ed. Houndsmills and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. Bishop, Elizabeth. The Collected Poems. Ed. with intro by Robert Giroux. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1984. ———. The...
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