Chapter 5: Father Spirator 245
Chapter 5: Father Spirator “The Father can be known by common spiration insofar as he is the principle of the Holy Spirit by breathing forth Love.”1 In this chapter, we will consider issues related to the Father as he is known by the notion of common spiration, which “distinguishes the Father from the Holy Spirit but unites him to the Son.”2 The Holy Spirit receives rather limited mention in ST I, q. 33, appearing only where the Father is discussed as a principle of the Son and the Holy Spirit (a. 1) and as well in the consideration of the Holy Spirit as possibly called unbegotten (a. 4). Since the name “Father” specifies a relation to the Son, the question on the person of the Father naturally focuses on the Father’s begetting the Son and the Father’s being unbegotten. That is, the notions of paternity and innascibility receive Thomas’ attention in q. 33 almost to the exclusion of common spiration, which is not to be dealt with until the person of the Holy Spirit is considered in qq. 36-38. As we shall see, Thomas in no way neglects the Holy Spirit, but the questions dealing with the divine persons in the Summa Theologiae follow the order of the personal names. For an understanding of the Father as Spirator of the Holy Spirit, we will follow the relevant articles of Thomas’ exposition of the Holy Spirit in the Summa Theologiae, filling out this presentation where necessary with material from...
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