Where in the World Is the Global Village?
Edited By Akiba Cohen
This book shows that while globalization is a dominant force in society, and though news can be instantaneously broadcast internationally, there is relatively little commonality throughout the world in the depiction of events occurring in other countries. Thus, contrary to McLuhan’s famous but untested notion of the «global village», television news in the countries discussed in this book actually presents more variability than similarity.
The research gathered here is based on a quantitative content analysis of over 17,000 news items and analysis of over 10,000 survey respondents. Seventeen countries are included in this research, offering a rich comparative perspective on the topic.
Part Four: Gatekeepers
Gatekeepers P a r t f O u r AkibaCohen.indd 207 24/04/13 12:53 PM AkibaCohen.indd 208 24/04/13 12:53 PM ConsTAnzA mujiCA & ThomAs hAniTzsCh Gatekeepers on Decision-Making in Foreign News C H a P t e r e l e v e n The question of how journalists and news organizations select and process the innumerable events of a given day and squeeze them into a limited number of messages that fit into a newspaper, a newscast, or a more spacious Internet news site, has a long tradition going back to the seminal studies by Lewin (1947) and White (1950) . These and subsequent studies tried to analyze not only which news events were selected and processed, but also who selected them and why, what personal traits, organizational processes and routines, political and economic limitations, and cultural considerations affected the shape of the news and thus the “cognitive maps” audiences have about the world (Shoemaker & Vos, 2009) . The investigation of these factors has attracted many researchers throughout the world and ultimately generated a wealth of theories and empirical evidence (see, for example, Berkowitz, Limor, & Singer, 2004; Flegel & Chaffee, 1971; Ha- nitzsch et al ., 2010; McQuail, 2000; Preston, 2009; Shoemaker & Reese, 1996; and Voakes, 1997) . The state of research arguably converges toward a structure consisting of five major domains of influence: 1 . Influences on the individual level originate from the journalists’ personal and professional backgrounds and orientations, as well as from their spe- cific roles and occupational characteristics within the news...
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