Films of Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing
Edited By John J. Michalczyk and SJ Raymond G. Helmick
Part Six: Ethnic Cleansing: “Purifying” the Land
PART SIX Ethnic Cleansing: “Purifying” the Land If the identity of a nation lies upon its memory, then the memory that makes the foundations of the Bosniak people is made of the chain of genocides and innumer- able crimes committed against it. —Smail Èekic, History of Genocide Against Bosniaks …the transfer of [Palestinian] Arab population from the area of the Jewish state does not serve only one aim--to diminish the Arab population. It also serves a sec- ond, no less important, aim which is to advocate land presently held and cultivated by the [Palestinian] Arabs and thus to release it for Jewish inhabitants. …it must be clear that there is no room in the country [Israel] for both peo- ples…If the Arabs leave it, the country will become wide and spacious for us…The only solution [after the end of WWII] is a Land of Israel, at least a western land of Israel, without Arabs. There is no room here for compromises…. —Yossef Weitz, Transfer Committees, 1937–1948, and director of the Land and Afforestation Department of the Jewish National Fund Ethnic Cleansing Raymond G. Helmick, SJ Analyzing the course of genocide in the twentieth century with the appear- ance of a new term in the discussion—ethnic cleansing, in the 1990s—calls for explanation. Precedents abounded. Stalin had “purged” the Soviet Union—of dissi- dents, for political reasons, but of the whole class of Kulaks in the 1930s. “Cleansing” had been a standard part of Nazi language as...
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