The Professional Journeys of African American Women Scientists
CHAPTER 4: Facts and Figures on African American Women in Science 30
CHAPTER 4 Facts and Figures on African American Women in Science We started this book by tracing the history of women in science and the con- temporary history of African American women in science. Now that we have provided some historical context about the past, it is essential to take a look at the present. In this chapter, we will examine the records on the state of U.S. science in order to answer the questions: What do we know about African American women scientists in the US at the present time? What academic and professional trajectories do they follow? To answer these questions, we used survey data published by the National Science Foundation (NSF), Na- tional Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Women, Minorities and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering website: http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/wmpd/tables.cfm. The site published data tables on U.S. demographics, enrollments in science and engineering at the undergraduate and graduate levels, degrees awarded by levels, postdoctor- ates, and employment. Most of the data contained in the tables are reported by sex, race and/or ethnicity, and disability status, and cover the following periods: 2006–2010, 2008, and 2001–2010. To summarize and describe the data, we use analysis techniques and procedures for visualizing and commu- nicating data suggested by Harris (1996). The chapter focuses on the academic preparation of African American women in science and engineering as well as their participation in these fields. We concentrated on only data reported for the periods 2008 and 2001–2010. This...
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