A Metaphor for Zion Theology
CHAPTER ONE: METHODS
5 CHAPTER ONE METHODS Two methods will be employed to elucidate DI’s theological characterization of Zion: Metaphor theory will be used to explore the referents of personified Zion, the issue of her culpability, and the portrayal of the birth of her children. Secondly, intertextual analysis will compare how DI presents wife Zion differently from other prophetic traditions with regards to her referent and the question of her guilt. I. METAPHOR THEORY In a recent study, Sarah Dille (2004) uses metaphor theory to study the parental imagery for God in DI. She applies the theories of various cognitive linguists such as I. A. Richards, Max Black, and George Lakoff and Mark Johnson in her analysis of the texts. By examining how metaphors interact with each other as well as with their literary contexts, Dille offers new insights into the metaphors employed by DI. For example, the “travailing woman” metaphor, while normally portraying fear in a siege, interacts with the context of Isa 42:14 to signify divine power. Dille’s use of metaphor theory is helpful for my study of personified Zion in DI, and like her, I will use Lakoff and Johnson’s theory of cognitive metaphor. However, unlike her, rather than using all three theories, I will only employ Lakoff and Johnson’s theory because it incorporates and moves beyond Richards’ and Black’s ideas and because recent developments of Lakoff and Johnson’s theory will help to further refine Dille’s approach.1 A. DEVELOPMENT OF METAPHOR THEORY Beginning with Aristotle, a metaphor was thought...
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