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Dachau Song

The Twentieth-Century Odyssey of Herbert Zipper

Paul F. Cummins

Herbert Zipper was born in 1904 in Hapsburg, Vienna. He was educated in the finest academies, studying under Richard Strauss and Maurice Ravel, among others, and became a conductor-composer in Germany in the early 1930s. When Hitler became Chancellor, he hastened back to Vienna, composing music for underground cabarets. In 1938, after the Anschluss, he was sent to Dachau and transferred to Buchenwald (1939). In Dachau, he organized clandestine concerts in an abandoned latrine. He and prisonmate Jura Soyfer also composed a song, «The Dachau Lied», which was to have an extraordinary history. He was released from Buchenwald and journeyed to Manila to marry the love of his life and to conduct the Manila Symphony Orchestra. When the Japanese invaded (1942), he was put in prison again. A few weeks after the liberation of Manila, out of the rubble of the city he created an extraordinary concert. After the war he came to America, was responsible for the founding of over a dozen community arts schools, and has been an internationally effective educator. Throughout his remarkable journey, Zipper maintained a spirit of hope and achievement. This is a story of the triumph of human will and spirit.


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References 273


References The following categories of books are not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography. It is a personal collection of books used as references for this biography. It may, nevertheless, be useful to some readers as suggestions for further reading. The books will be donated to a Herbert Zipper Library Collection at Crossroads School, Santa Monica, CA, and will be available to those interested. I. General Histories of Europe and the Modem World Anderson, Eugene. Motk·rn Europe in World Perspective: 1914 to the Present. New York: Rinehart and Company, 1958. Armstrong, Hamilton Fish. Memoirs: Peace and Counter Peace from Wilson to Hitler. New York: Harper & Row, 1971. Buell, Raymond. Europe: A History of Ten Years. Chatauqua, New York: The Chatauqua Press, 1928. Chambers, Frank P., Harris and Bayley. This Age of Conflict. New York: Harcourt Brace and Company, 1950. Craig, Gordon A. Europe Since 1914. Hinsdale, Illinois: The Dryden Press, 1972. Gay, Peter and R.K. Webb. Modern Europe. New York: Harper & Row, 1973. Gedye, G.E.R. Betrayal in Central Europe: Austrian and Czechoslovakia. New York: Harper and Row, 1939. Goldstein, Robert. The Road Between The W m:5 1918-1941. New York: Fawcett Crest, 1978. Grunwald, Max. History of Jews in Vienna. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1936. 274 References Hale, Oron J. The Great Illusion: 1900-1914. New York: Harper & Row, 1971. Holborn, Hugo. The Political Collapse of Europe. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1955. Langsam, Walter C. The World Since 1914. New York: The Mac Millan Co., 1936. Masur,...

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