Malcolm X and the Radicalization of the Black Student Movement 1960–1973
Chapter 3: Purges, Proscriptions, and New Directions. Black Student Protests and a Call for a Black University, 1966–1969
3Purges, Proscriptions, and New Directions Black Student Protests and a Call for a Black University, 1966–1969 Many so-called Black religious and political leaders start out with sincerity and a deter- mination to help the Black race in its struggle for justice and equality but are trapped and processed into Uncle Toms by cunning white politicians and a conditioned yen for “silken living.” Of course there are Blacks who successfully resist the process, but they usually suffer stunted careers and are shunted to oblivion by the Master.1 —Robert Beck, The Naked Soul of Iceberg Slim The enigmatic concept of Black Power not only left the civil rights landscape stunned, it also forced an ideological split between the Student Nonviolent Coor- dinating Committee (SNCC) and the elder leadership of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). By 1967, SNCC had emerged as an organization that consisted of battle-tested organizers whose entrance into the Movement as youth enabled action that threw caution to the wind. SNCC’s evolution into a professional organization by the latter part of the 1960s signaled the tenuous route that many student-activists had taken in their quests to become change agents and seek out the meaning of social justice as well as their own identity. The call for Black Power also spoke to the aspect of youthful zeal that was not bound by inhibitions but rather welcomed the challenges ahead. For the Black membership of SNCC, the struggle, their struggle, would need to represent not only themselves and what they...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.