Extending Marshall McLuhan – Second Edition
Chapter 49. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Expert Systems
← 390 | 391 →
· 49 ·
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) AND EXPERT SYSTEMS
Content and extension: Artificial intelligence (AI) and expert systems extend the capability of computers through programs that solve specific problems automatically that would take the unaided human mind a long time to solve, or possibly not solve at all.
Cascade: The cascade of AI is from the mind of the creator/programmer to a software program to a computer and from there to the outputted solution.
LOM: AI enhances problem solving, obsolesces human judgment, retrieves the golem, and reverses into pure left-brain reductionist thinking.
“Men will set the goals, formulate the hypotheses, determine the criteria, and perform the evaluations. Computing machines will do the routinizable work that must be done to prepare the way for insights and decisions in technical and scientific thinking.”
— Licklider (1960) ← 391 | 392 →
49.1 What Is AI?
AI or artificial intelligence has two principal meanings. One meaning, sometimes referred to as weak AI, is the use of computers to automatically perform tasks requiring human intelligence. In a certain sense all computers exhibit a form of weak AI including the lowly calculator since it takes human intelligence to perform arithmetic calculations. But the term of “weak AI” or “machine intelligence” is reserved for more sophisticated tasks where a certain amount of judgment is required. A couple of examples cited by Wikipedia are “scheduling resources such as military units, answering questions about...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.