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My People as Your People

A Textual and Archaeological Analysis of the Reign of Jehoshaphat

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Chris McKinny

My People as Your People provides an in-depth analysis of the chronology, history, and archaeology associated with the reign of Jehoshaphat of Judah. The synthesis of these various elements illuminates a diverse geo-political picture of the southern Levant in the mid-ninth century BCE. In recent years, archaeologists and biblical scholars have dealt quite extensively with the tenth and eighth centuries BCE due to both the controversial aspects of recent interpretations associated with the so-called United Kingdom and the established archaeological data relating to Judah’s rise as a significant polity in the eighth century BCE. On the other hand, the ninth century BCE has received considerably less scholarly treatment, despite the fact that many new archaeological strata have been uncovered in recent years that have a direct bearing upon this period. My People as Your People is an attempt to fill this gap in our knowledge. In accomplishing this, it both provides a nuanced understanding of Judah in the mid-ninth century BCE and also demonstrates the significance of this period in the larger setting of the history of the Divided Kingdom.
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Chapter Four: Jehoshaphat’s Reign According to 1 Kings 22:41–50

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CHAPTER FOUR

Jehoshaphat’s Reign According to 1 Kings 22:41–50



Our next section of discussion covers the most significant passage for determining the scope of the reign of Jehoshaphat. Unlike Ahab, Jehoshaphat’s longer, contemporary reign was only given a few paragraphs of discussion in 1 Kings 22:41–49. This imbalance is turned on its head in Chronicles, where the events of Jehoshaphat’s reign receive four complete chapters (2 Chron. 17–20) with the only event of Ahab’s reign (the battle of Ramoth-gilead) being recorded from Jehoshaphat’s perspective. Despite the lack of overall treatment, this section offers the researcher a concise, chronistic account of the reign of Jehoshaphat that is largely free of any theological or cultic affiliations.1 Twelve separate details related to the reign of Jehoshaphat emerge from these verses (see Table 4–1). We shall analyze each of these details to determine their historical plausibility. ← 58 | 59 →

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