In the Spirituality of "TongSungGiDo</I> of the Korean Church
Chapter 2. In Her Image: The Traces of Female Deities
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While the practice of Hebrew religion was built on ancient Israelite henotheism (the exclusive worship of one God, without denying the existence of other gods) and later monotheism, we can see some evidence in the Hebrew Bible that the Israelites may have worshipped many other gods/goddesses in public. How could this be possible under the henotheism of the Israelites? Because the idea of the Hebrew deity may have been influenced by traditions of goddess worship in the ancient Near East, we need to investigate female divine beings in the religious traditions of the ancient Near East, particularly as related to YHWHism in Hebrew religious tradition.
It is especially necessary to deal with issues in the Hebrew Bible related to Asherah. Asherah’s identity was questioned and confused even in biblical times, but she was mostly regarded as a foreign goddess and thus refused recognition by most prophets in the Hebrew Bible. An investigation of Asherah will provide many insights for those who hope to overcome the misconception in Hebrew religious traditions and in Christianity that female images/metaphors/symbols of God are opposed to the concept of One God, or only a reaction against the male-like God.
Sumer, located in southern Mesopotamia, is the earliest area of human civilization in the world. It lasted as a civilization from the late sixth millennium B.C.E (a Neolithic period—the first agricultural revolution) through the Uruk period (4th millennium B.C.E) and the Dynastic periods (3rd millennium B.C.E) until the rise of Babylon...
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