Tracing the Racial and Ethnic Socialization of Caribbean American Youth
Chapter Four: Caribbean Immigrants, Racism, and Racial Socialization
← 106 | 107 → CHAPTER FOUR
Caribbean Immigrants, Racism, and Racial Socialization
As discussed in Chapter 3, ethnic socialization – as defined by the transmission of values, practices, and culture of people from the same region – is integral to the childrearing practices of Caribbean immigrants. Caribbean immigrants’ parenting often focused on transmitting values specific to what is meant to be Antiguan, Guyanese, Jamaican, or Trinidadian. However, racial socialization – the means by which parents prepare their children to thrive in spite of the established racial hierarchy – was new to Caribbean American parents. For Caribbean immigrant parents, racial socialization was a different kind of socialization process, one that had to be learned and integrated into parenting practices over time. Consequently, racial socialization occurred to a lesser extent than ethnic socialization practices and with less certainty of the outcome. Unlike ethnic socialization, which was fairly consistent across parents, racial socialization varied tremendously and was informed by transnational notions of self and identity, which were devoid of strong racial underpinnings.
For Caribbean immigrants, racial socialization and the necessity of transmitting particular messages to one’s children regarding not only ancestry but also race (as a notion tied to the social implications of one’s ancestry and phenotype) was altogether new. Though Blacks in the Caribbean recognize themselves as Black people and descendants of Africa, these notions of race are not inextricably tied to social and economic expectations.
In particular, the concept of racial socialization and the impetus for parental racial socialization...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.