A Study on the Thematic, Narrative, and Musical Structure of Guan Hanqing’s Yuan «Zaju, Injustice to Dou E»
of this new and original study of Dou E yuan. The play was originally composed by the Yuan zaju playwright Guan Hanqing. But the Ming publisher Zang Maoxun, as the editor of the widely-accepted YQX version of Dou E yuan, standardized the dramatic structure of this Yuan zaju play. I have used this YQX edition of the play in my structural analysis above. On the basis of the dramatic structure of Dou E yuan—that is, four acts, with a wedge placed before the first act—this book has conducted a wide-ranging analysis of the dramatic text in terms of its thematic, narrative, and musical structures. I have carefully demonstrated how these three aspects are integrated into the dramatic narrative.
First, I will summarize the main points of each chapter below. Then I provide a synthesis of my findings with regard to the theme, narration and music of Dou E yuan.
In Chapter 1, I began with a survey of the Yuan, Ming and Qing sources relating to Guan Hanqing, his zaju composition, and Zang Maoxun and his edition of Yuan zaju plays. There are a number of sources we can use for textual scholarship and for comparing the different editions of Guan Hanqing’s zaju. However, a comparative study of various editions of Dou E yuan was not the focus of my book. By drawing on previous scholarship that compares different versions of the play in the GMJ and YQY respectively, I select the latter version...
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