Global Views with Local Perspectives
Segev provides a comparative analysis of the international scope of online newspapers, news portals, and news aggregators in different languages and cultures, using innovative web mining techniques and network analysis. This book explores the theory of news flow around the world, and analyses many of its dimensions such as the global standing of the United States, the Middle Eastern conflicts as seen around the world, and, the effect of financial news. In doing so, the book unveils new patterns, meanings and implications of international news on our perception of the world.
Following these insights, the author discusses the opportunities and challenges of studying international news flow online in the future, and how this field of research can be further developed theoretically and empirically.
Chapter 6. Many Local Views
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MANY LOCAL VIEWS
The previous chapters portrayed a very similar picture of the world in news from around the world. Following the news-flow theory, this similarity was found to be associated with the absolute power of certain countries (national traits) and their foreign interests (relatedness). This indeed explains why the US is continuously at the center of world attention. It further explains the gradual rise or fall of some countries in world news (such as the declining news prominence of Iraq and Afghanistan, and the rising news prominence of China), which are perfectly aligned with US foreign interests.
Together with similarities, however, international news can greatly differ across countries and languages. The following chapter attempts to provide a more in-depth analysis and outline the different perspectives and international scopes presented by news from around the world. Very often differences in world news are observed at the micro level, looking at the different frames in the news of different countries (see also chapter seven). Previous studies of this kind compared the availability of hard and soft news in the UK and Finland (Curran, Salovaara-Moring, Cohen, & Iyengar, 2009); the cultural differences reflected in television news in the US and Sweden (Dimitrova & Strömbäck, 2010); the European Union politics in British, Danish, Dutch, French, and German television news (Peter & de Vreese, 2004); or ← 95 | 96 → the relationship between democracy and press pluralism found in the news of seven...
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