Global Views with Local Perspectives
Segev provides a comparative analysis of the international scope of online newspapers, news portals, and news aggregators in different languages and cultures, using innovative web mining techniques and network analysis. This book explores the theory of news flow around the world, and analyses many of its dimensions such as the global standing of the United States, the Middle Eastern conflicts as seen around the world, and, the effect of financial news. In doing so, the book unveils new patterns, meanings and implications of international news on our perception of the world.
Following these insights, the author discusses the opportunities and challenges of studying international news flow online in the future, and how this field of research can be further developed theoretically and empirically.
Chapter 7. A Local Outlook on a Global Conflict
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A LOCAL OUTLOOK ON A GLOBAL CONFLICT
The differences in international news coverage around the world become even more apparent when the resolution of analysis is greater. This chapter is based on a comparative sentiment analysis conducted with Regula Miesch (Segev & Miesch, 2011).1 It focuses on the specific coverage of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the European news, revealing more nuance differences in their framings of the countries and entities involved. Unlike the analysis of country prominence, sentiment analysis is designed to determine the positive or negative tone in which a country is presented. For example, although the US is generally a prominent country, it is presented differently in the news of different countries (see chapter nine). Automatic sentiment analysis requires among other things building a specific dictionary of positive and negative keywords for each entity.
The global news attention given to the debatable conflict between Israel and Palestine makes it an appropriate case study for a sentiment analysis. It is one of the most disputed and frequently covered issues in European and American news. Yet its high prominence could not be explained solely by traditional news-flow variables such as economic or political power or even conflict intensity. There are several historical reasons for this, such as the religious importance of Israel, the presence of British colonies, and the Jewish ← 105 | 106 → Holocaust, which increase the political, economic, and cultural interest and involvement of Western countries in the...
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