Right-Wing Political Groups and Hate Speech
Chapter 5: Discourses of Guns and the Paramilitary Right
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DISCOURSES OF GUNS AND THE PARAMILITARY RIGHT
Paramilitary groups in the right wing are defined and fueled by nationalistic tendencies that may take a variety of forms. This is sometimes found in a strong commitment to Western civilization and the products of Western civilization that distinguish it from “inferior” civilizations. Sometimes this nationalism is reflected in beliefs about who is and is not a “genuine American.” This nationalism often finds expression in fear of illegal immigration and undocumented immigrants, particularly when the immigrants are from non-European countries. Sometimes this nationalism is grounded in economic concerns (e.g., that Mexicans entering this country illegally are taking jobs away from United States citizens or draining social services). In other cases, this nationalism reflects a belief that citizenship means nothing if the citizenry is not predominantly white and Christian (Buchanan, 2011). In yet other cases, the concern may be for a fear of various threats to Western civilization (Buchanan, 2011). Presently, the paramilitary of the right wing is composed primarily of Patriot groups (anti-tax and anti-government groups), what is becoming known as sovereign-citizen extremist groups, and militia groups. Their nationalism is grounded in a belief that they are “true” Americans who must oppose a government that is illegitimate (and tools of the state such as the FBI and other law-enforcement officers). To prepare for the conflict with ← 139 | 140 → this illegitimate government, these groups engage in paramilitary training (illegal in many states since the first wave of the militia...
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