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Higher Education and Society

Edited By Joseph L. DeVitis and Pietro A. Sasso

Higher education and society are becoming increasingly intertwined. Both act as a transmitter of culture, yet many colleges and universities also ideally seek to create a more perfectible society and more enlightened, engaged citizens. When the connections between social structures and post-secondary education are closely entangled, the university’s aims can take on a contentious struggle for identity in a vexing web of competing external interests – especially in light of scarce economic resources, corporate pressures, technological questions, and globalizing trends. Higher Education and Society weighs the urgent question of how society and higher education influence each other. How the latter responds to that unsettled issue may well determine whether colleges and universities chart a more self-reflective path or one of rising deference to societal contingencies. This book is essential for all those who study and work in today’s colleges – and for all those who seek a better education for their children, the nation, and the world. It is especially recommended for courses in higher education and society, contemporary issues in higher education, the philosophy of higher education, academic issues in higher education, leadership in higher education, and globalization and higher education. The book is also useful for the preparation of faculty development programs in colleges and universities.
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8. Preparing Students for Higher Education: How School Counselors Can Foster College Readiness and Access



As demographics shift across the United States, the number of American students enrolled in college has increased significantly. From 1976 to 2013, total college enrollment increased from 11 million to 20.4 million. In part the result of population trends as well as increases in those meeting eligibility requirements, college enrollment for white students increased from 9 million to 11.6 million (or 59.3% of total enrollment); for black students, from 1 million to 2.8 million (or 14.7% of total enrollment); for Hispanic students, from 383,000 to 3 million (or 15.8% of total enrollment); for Asian/Pacific Islander students, from 197,000 to 1.2 million (or 6.4% of total enrollment); and for American Indian/Alaska Native, from 76,000 to 162,000 (or 0.8% of total enrollment). Multiracial students’ enrollment increased from 325,000 to 559,000 from 2010 to 2013, the period when statistics for this group was available (U.S. Department of Education, National Center of Education Statistics [NCES], 2014).

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