8. Preparing Students for Higher Education: How School Counselors Can Foster College Readiness and Access
JULIA BRYAN, ANITA YOUNG, DANA C. GRIFFIN, AND LYNETTE M. HENRY
As demographics shift across the United States, the number of American students enrolled in college has increased significantly. From 1976 to 2013, total college enrollment increased from 11 million to 20.4 million. In part the result of population trends as well as increases in those meeting eligibility requirements, college enrollment for white students increased from 9 million to 11.6 million (or 59.3% of total enrollment); for black students, from 1 million to 2.8 million (or 14.7% of total enrollment); for Hispanic students, from 383,000 to 3 million (or 15.8% of total enrollment); for Asian/Pacific Islander students, from 197,000 to 1.2 million (or 6.4% of total enrollment); and for American Indian/Alaska Native, from 76,000 to 162,000 (or 0.8% of total enrollment). Multiracial students’ enrollment increased from 325,000 to 559,000 from 2010 to 2013, the period when statistics for this group was available (U.S. Department of Education, National Center of Education Statistics [NCES], 2014).
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