Social Equity in a Time of Change
Edited By Richard Greggory Johnson III
Chapter Five: Missing Women of China: The Persistence of Gender Inequity in China
Missing Women of China: The Persistence of Gender Inequity in China
TING ZHANG & LORENDA A. NAYLOR
The Nobel Peace Prize winning Amartya Sen (1990) identified the social phenomenon of “missing women” in reference to a deficit of women within countries where mortality rates for women were especially high due to a lack of access to nutrition and medical care. He estimated that more than 100 million women in Asia and Africa combined are “missing” and that China alone accounts for 50 million “missing women.” This chapter explores the missing women of China. Specifically, it identifies the causes, reviews the role of the Chinese government and its one-child policy, and delineates the unintended consequences of the policy and sex ratio imbalance.
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