Pedagogy of Constructive Humanistic Transformation Through Cinema
Introduction. The Need for Humanistic Change
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The Need for Humanistic Change
In 1996 Dolly, a sheep that was cloned from an adult cell, was born. This historical scientific achievement gave birth to a myriad of ethical debates on a global scale, which continue to this day. Reflective people around the world are asking a not-so-science-fictional question: What if we lived in a society in which the government mandated parents to select their best genes to produce their children? If those children happened to have the genes to have the best positions in society, then they would be the members of the ruling class. For others, they would be assigned to various service jobs and have lower socioeconomic status. This, in effect, would produce a sort of biological caste system.
Scientific debates among the ethicists and experts in the medical field tend to become boring, and people often tune them out. But do people tune out entertaining science fiction movies that have these debates in their plot structure? There is in fact a movie that tackles the “what if” question of human cloning in a very clever fashion. Gattaca (Niccol, 1997) is a story about an American society in the not-so-distant future that is structured with a biological caste system. Those with the right genes are known as “valids” and those with the inferior genes are the “in-valids.” Our Promethean hero, Vincent, played by Ethan Hawke, who is an in-valid, decides to swim against the current and...
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