When Children Lead Participatory Curriculum Design, Implementation, and Assessment
Chapter 6. What Are Childcare Markets and How Are Measures of Quality Related to Funding?
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WHAT ARE CHILDCARE MARKETS AND HOW ARE MEASURES OF QUALITY RELATED TO FUNDING?
[M]ore than 80% of childcare provision in the UK is now provided by for-profit entrepreneurs. (Lloyd & Penn, 2013, p. 20)
This is true not only in the United Kingdom, but also across much of the English-speaking world in countries with a variety of economic policies. If that were not disturbing enough, for the implications some of us could draw, there is almost no debate in these countries about whether or not this is equitable, efficient, and humane. Early care and education services are often very closely linked to other social and educational services and economic policy. Governments often seem to find it necessary to create a balance between serving the interests of parents and children and the interests of the state itself. Childcare markets form a part of a mixed economy, as other human services do. In other words, fully state-funded early childhood care and education programs are often available and operate in parallel with privately provided services in some markets (Lloyd & Penn, 2013).
Lloyd and Penn (2013), through their work at the Cass School of Education and Communities, University of East London, and their research at the International Centre for the Study of the Mixed Economy of Childcare, document their concerns. Availability, quality, and sustainability of publicly ← 113 | 114 → supported early care and education are extremely complicated in modern states and nations. They say...
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