A Framework for Black Masculine Caring
Edited By Lisa Bass
Chapter Two: The Risks of Cultivating Care in an Urban High School: Exploring a Black High School Principal’s Experience and His Castigation
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The Risks OF Cultivating Care IN AN Urban High School
Exploring a Black High School Principal’s Experience and His Castigation
MARK A. GOODEN AND DANIEL D. SPIKES
The so-called achievement gap in education refers to “the disparity in academic performance between groups of students” (Education Week, 2011). Specifically, it is most often used to point to academic disparities between Black or Hispanic students and their White peers. Academic performance is usually based on standardized test scores, dropout rates, and college enrollment rates (Education Week, 2011). American students who are Black or African American, used interchangeably herein, do not perform as well as their White peers with regard to these performance indicators. They also face additional challenges, including disproportionate suspension and expulsion rates and special education placement (Gooden, 2005; Lomotey, 1993). For example, research found that 9- and 13-year-old Black students, on average, scored about 23 points lower than White students on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading assessment of 2012 (National Center for Education Statistics [NCES], 2013). On average, 17-year-old Black students scored 26 points lower than did White students on the NAEP reading assessment. For the NAEP math assessment, when compared with their White peers, averages showed that 9-year-old Black students scored 25 points lower, 13-year-old Black students scored 28 points lower, and 17-year-old Black students scored 26 points lower (NCES, 2013).
Like test scores, graduation rates differ markedly between...
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