A Comparative Study of Chicago and Madrid
Edited By Francisco Velasco Caballero and María de los Angeles Torres
Chapter Six: Immigration Control and Policies of Integration of Immigrants At a Local Level
← 138 | 139 → CHAPTER SIX
Immigration Control and Policies of Integration of Immigrants at a Local Level
SILVIA DÍEZ SASTRE, AUTONOMOUS UNIVERSITY OF MADRID
The distribution of powers in migration matters in the current European legal landscape follows this scheme: the General State Administration is responsible for control of the migration flows and regional and local authorities are in charge of the tasks of the integration of immigrants (Catalá i Bas, 2009, pp. 35–37). With regard to the Spanish legal system, the General State Administration is concerned with the regulation in matters of nationality, control of the migration flows, and the right of asylum. The entry, exit, work permit, stay, and residence of immigrants fall within the competence of the General State Administration according to the Constitution (Article 149 CE). With the adoption of the new Statutes of Autonomy, some autonomous regions may participate in fixing the quotas and, within their powers, in defining the rights and obligations of immigrants in their territories (de la Quadra-Salcedo Janini, 2012). Previously, autonomous regions were already allowed to participate to a certain extent in the determination of foreign workers’ annual quota (Díez Bueso, 2003, p. 186).
Based on Article 149(1) and (2) CE—and from within the framework of European Union Law—the General State Administration has passed Organic Law 4/2000 of January 11 on the rights and freedoms of foreign nationals in Spain and their social integration...
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