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Global Cities and Immigrants

A Comparative Study of Chicago and Madrid


Edited By Francisco Velasco Caballero and María de los Angeles Torres

Global Cities and Immigrants provides a detailed set of comparative case studies of the immigration policies of two global cities undergoing dramatic demographic changes. At the heart of this research are several theoretical questions. One is about the increased importance of municipal and local governments in a globalized world, particularly regarding immigrants. As the world global­izes and national governments attempt to tighten their grip, the failure of national policies to address the needs of new global situations encourages local governments to develop policies that resolve these new conditions. Although immigration is a federal policy in the United States and Spain, city and state governments have increasingly played a role in shaping both the enforcement of national laws and integration experiences of immigrants. This creates a local politics and indeed a legality of immigration that is strongly shaped by local views of economic, political, and security interests, as well as differing perceptions of immigrants’ rights and place in the polity.
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Chapter Six: Immigration Control and Policies of Integration of Immigrants At a Local Level


← 138 | 139 → CHAPTER SIX

Immigration Control and Policies of Integration of Immigrants at a Local Level


The distribution of powers in migration matters in the current European legal landscape follows this scheme: the General State Administration is responsible for control of the migration flows and regional and local authorities are in charge of the tasks of the integration of immigrants (Catalá i Bas, 2009, pp. 35–37). With regard to the Spanish legal system, the General State Administration is concerned with the regulation in matters of nationality, control of the migration flows, and the right of asylum. The entry, exit, work permit, stay, and residence of immigrants fall within the competence of the General State Administration according to the Constitution (Article 149[1][2] CE). With the adoption of the new Statutes of Autonomy, some autonomous regions may participate in fixing the quotas and, within their powers, in defining the rights and obligations of immigrants in their territories (de la Quadra-Salcedo Janini, 2012). Previously, autonomous regions were already allowed to participate to a certain extent in the determination of foreign workers’ annual quota (Díez Bueso, 2003, p. 186).

Based on Article 149(1) and (2) CE—and from within the framework of European Union Law—the General State Administration has passed Organic Law 4/2000 of January 11 on the rights and freedoms of foreign nationals in Spain and their social integration...

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