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The Souls of Yoruba Folk

Indigeneity, Race, and Critical Spiritual Literacy in the African Diaspora


Temitope E. Adefarakan

The Souls of Yoruba Folk explores the spiritual lives and experiences of sixteen Africans of Yoruba descent in Canada, and investigates how they make meaning of their Indigenous heritage within the geopolitical space of Eurocentric Canadian culture. The book highlights how Yoruba peoples in the African diaspora strategically utilize their Indigenous spiritual knowledges as decolonizing tools of navigation, subversion, and resistance to colonial oppression in the purportedly ‘multicultural’ space of Canada. The author powerfully weaves together literature of Yoruba peoples from multiple contexts, spanning the African continent and its diaspora, including the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, and Europe. With its strong emphasis on equity and the usefulness of spirituality in contexts of schooling, education, teaching, and learning, The Souls of Yoruba Folk is ideal for critical and multicultural education courses, and will be especially useful for educators and researchers in the areas of critical interdisciplinary studies, sociology, women’s studies/feminism, anti-racist scholarship and pedagogy, critical education, Canadian studies, equity and religious studies, and African/Black diasporic studies.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Adefarakan, Temitope E., author. The souls of Yoruba folk: indigeneity, race, and critical spiritual literacy in the African diaspora / Temitope E. Adefarakan. pages cm. — (Black studies and critical thinking; v. 70) Based on the author’s thesis (doctoral)—University of Toronto, 2011, issued under the title: Yoruba indigenous knowledges in the African diaspora: knowledge, power and the politics of indigenous spirituality. Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. Yoruba (African people)—Canada—Ethnic identity. 2. Yoruba (African people)—Religion. 3. Yoruba diaspora. 4. African diaspora—Psychological aspects. 5. Ifa (Religion)—Canada. 6. Cosmology, African. I. Title. II. Series: Black studies & critical thinking; v. 70. F1035.Y67.A24 305.896’333071—dc23 2015008431 ISBN 978-1-4331-2609-3 (hardcover) ISBN 978-1-4331-2608-6 (paperback) ISBN 978-1-4539-1583-7 (e-book) ISSN 1947-5985

Bibliographic information published by Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek. Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the “Deutsche Nationalbibliografie”; detailed bibliographic data are available on the Internet at

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