Beauty, Creativity, and Healing
Edited By Bandy Lee, Nancy Olson and Thomas Duffy
From the ‘Full Moon’ to the ‘Subservient Sun’: Expressions of Beauty and Creativity in Persian Poetry and Calligraphy
by Elaheh Kheirandish and Hormoz Goodarzy1
Poetry and Calligraphy are two outstanding forms of expression that relate beauty and creativity in different forms and capacities. While poetry combines beauty and creativity through the music of words and rhymes, calligraphy combines them through the dance of scripts and lines. The two pieces combined in the present chapter are, in turn, representations of other combinations in a ‘quartet’ beyond any four items.
The first piece combines Persian poetry and calligraphy through a historical poem featuring the ‘Full Moon’ by an author whose spirit is further captured through the more familiar verses of a modern calligraphy. The historical poem is a piece by Muwlānā Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī or Balkhī (ca. 604-672AH/1207-1273CE), the great mystic and poet of greater Persia. He is increasingly better known as Rūmī, after the place of his later life and death (Rūm: Byzantium, now Turkey), rather than the place of his birth and early life (Balkh, now Afghanistan)2. The internationally celebrated ‘bestselling author’3 has left behind, in addition to his well-known poetry volume, Mathnavī-i Maʿnavī, a Dīvān or collection of poems. The little-known “Moon of Ten and Four” (Full Moon) from this collection is presented below in the original Persian and in English translation.
The calligraphy supplementing that poem captures the spirit of the Persian poet through other verses, those standing out for expressions of longing, ← 89 | 90 → including those...
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