Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Article 244: Enarrationes in Psalmos
Enarrationes in Psalmos
In Letter 169, written at the end of 414, Augustine mentions various works completed at the time. He had begun them during Lent as Easter was nearing. At the beginning of the letter he mentions De ciuitate dei IV-V. He adds he had dictated Enarrationes in Psalmos 67, 71, and 77. Whether he had explained other psalms in a similar manner earlier is unknown. He had certainly explicated many others already either in writing or orally.1 He had preached Enarratio in Psalmum 36 at Carthage in 403. In Enarratio in Psalmum 71 he mentions those who give part of their wealth to others, but take credit for the good deeds themselves rather than crediting them to the grace of God. Such people are rich in their own eyes, but poor in the eyes of God. Augustine is clearly referring to the Pelagians.
In Enarratio in Psalmum 77, he says he explained elsewhere how the ten plagues of the Egyptians can be compared to the ten commandments of the decalogue. Surely he is referring to the Sermon on the ten plagues and ten commandments which Possidius mentions in Indiculum.2 A large part of this sermon lies among the fragments taken from Eugippus, where it can be seen as a Sermo ad populum. There he speaks rather clearly against Manicheans and Donatists. He says nothing concerning Pelagians. Thus he may have composed this sermon before 410.