Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren
Article 257: Pope Zosimus and the Gallic Bishops
Pope Zosimus and the Gallic Bishops
John of Jerusalem’s reproaches to Orosius and Orosius‘ Apologia where he speaks strongly against John and declares his severing communion with Pelagius became well known. Even if nothing else had occurred, these two matters would have violated the measures taken at the conference of Jerusalem. There it had been agreed over a deputation to the pope and silence until final papal judgment of the affair. Unsurprisingly Pelagius was denounced as a heretic by the bishops of Palestine.
Bishop Heros and Bishop Lazarus, both bishops from Gaul, became well known because of their denunciation of Pelagius.1 Pope Zosimus was surprised by those speaking against Pelagius and Caelestius and treated those badly who denounced them. He called Heros and Lazarus two pests disturbing ecclesial harmony and tranquility by fantasies and tempests which left no one in peace. “It would be strange were they to have no difficulty in attacking through false letters a layman who had served God for a long time with brilliant virtue (that is Pelagius). These bishops had awakened thunder in the Church and used many of their brothers and colleagues in the episcopacy.”2
Zosimus’ anger soon fell personally upon Lazarus. Zosimus says of him he customarily lied about the innocent and in several councils was recognized as a diabolical accuser of Brice, bishop of Tours. Lazarus had been condemned as a calumniator in the Council of Turino by Proculius of Marseilles...