Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Article 270: In Ioannis euangelium tractatus; In Ioannis epistolam ad Parthos
In Ioannis euangelium tractatus; In Ioannis epistolam ad Parthos
Augustine’s In Ioannis euangelium tractatus and In Ioannis epistolam ad Parthos should not be dated in final form earlier than 416 or 417.1 The discovery of the body of Stephen occurred at the end of 415 and was celebrated in that year.2 At that time Lucianus had already written his history of the discovery of Stephen’s body and thus it was known throughout the entire world. If we dare say Augustine added the text on Stephen later when he reviewed his works at the end of his life, a date of 412 would be preferable. Augustine was still occupied in combat against the Donatists during that time and had only begun to defend the truth of grace against the Pelagians. In Ioannis euangelium tractatus Augustine speaks at times against Pelagians, but not by name.3 Predestination is proposed as something clear and certain.4 He combats the Donatists who still had a schismatic altar in Hippo.5 Doubtless he preached some of the Tractatus outside of Hippo6 in or near Carthage.7 From his preaching, many schismatics recognized the truth—the Church rejoiced daily at their return.8 Several manuscripts report these sermons were transcribed as he preached them (ad populum).9 He reviewed these sermons and placed them in their extant state.10 ← 164 | 165 →
Augustine preached these sermons on various occasions.11 For example, Tractatus 46 was preached on Sunday and Tractatus 45 the previous day. Tractatus 34...