Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Article 285: Pelagius’ Condemnation and Exile
Pelagius’ Condemnation and Exile
Astonishingly neither Augustine nor Prosper knew of another important declaration made by the Eastern Church in favor of the truth and against Pelagius. He had earlier been apparently absolved by the Council of Diospolis because of his deception.2 He was pursued by his accusers prior to another council where Theodosius, bishop of Antioch, presided. Pelagius could not hide from this council. He was clearly convicted of heresy and exiled from Jerusalem. Mercator tells us of this significant event. To this purpose he cites the letters of Theodosius and Prayle, bishop of Jerusalem. They may have assisted at the council and then written the pope.
Surely the accusers of Pelagius were Heros and Lazarus, his only declared denouncers. Mercator had spoken of them previously but not by name. Their personal interest and the interest of the Church had brought them to request justice from the church of Antioch. The beginning of the Council of Theodosius can not be dated prior to 417, probably toward the end of the year. Jerome may be speaking of Pelagius when he writes: “The new Cataline had been exiled from the city of Jerusalem, not by human power, but by the will of Christ alone. It was painful that many of his associates had remained at Joppé with Lentulus.”3
Silicy lies in the patriarchate of Antioch. The Pelagians were condemned there in a provincial council. Theodore of Mopsuestia, who served as...