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The Life of Augustine of Hippo

Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)

Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren

The seventeenth century was the century of Saint Augustine. In 1695, Louis Sébastien, Le Nain de Tillemont, finished volume 13 of his Mémoires ecclésiastique, entitled La vie de saint Augustin. The volume consisted of approximately 1200 pages wherein Louis Sébastien gathered from the works of Augustine and elsewhere all extant passages relevant to the biography of Augustine of Hippo. Completed in 1695, the biography was published posthumously in 1700. The work lies in the tradition of Jansenism from Port-Royal and the Leuven. Though an ascetic recluse on the family estate for the last twenty years of his life, he was in touch with important French scholars and the ecclesiastical movements of his time. Louis’ work is the first modern biography of Augustine and the most comprehensive of all Augustinian biographies, even today. Modern authors consult him and frequently adopt his theories without citation. His method exercises influence on contemporary Parisian scholarship on Augustine. This English translation has been divided into three volumes covering three time periods: part 1: birth to episcopal consecration (354–396); part 2: the Donatist controversy (396–411); part 3: the Pelagian controversy (411–430).
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Article 293: Council of Carthage (419) 1

Extract

ARTICLE 293

Council of Carthage (419) 1

The appeals to the pope could not be settled during Zosimus’ lifetime as he died in 418. The affair lasted until the succession of Boniface in the same year. His election as pope was contested by the claim of Eulalius. Because of the succession problem Emperor Honorius ordered the African and Gallic bishops to gather in council to judge this matter.1 He wrote Largus, African proconsul (418–419),2 who had already sent orders to the bishops for that purpose.3 He joined his orders no doubt to the general letter of Honorius to the African bishops through which the bishops were ordered to assemble at Spoleto on June 13, 419. A special letter from Patricius Constance was addressed to Aurelius of Carthage to invite him to come to settle the problem of papal succession together with the principal African bishops, namely Augustine, Alypius, Evodius, Donatianus of Telepte and Primate of Byzacena, Silvanus, Novatius of Stesa, and Venerus. However this problem was settled in another manner. Honorius wrote Largus to contramand his order to the bishops. This letter dated April 7, 419 is extant together with a letter from Largus to the bishops ordering the establishment of Boniface as bishop of Rome. This order dispensed the Africans from crossing the sea. The letter is addressed to Aurelius to whom Honorius gives the title father and lord.

As for the Apiarius affair and other matters concerning the subjects for...

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