Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Note 57: Bishops Paul and Eutropius
Bishops Paul and Eutropius
Orosius mentions a memorandum of Bishops Paul and Eutropius to Augustine concerning heresies and other matters.2 Augustine addresses De perfectione iustitiae against Caelestius to them. Nothing more is known of them. The doctors of Leuven and Noris call them bishops in Gaul, but give no reason. From what Orosius writes, it would be just as easy to believe they came from Spain whence several other bishops followed them. The Benedictines mention nothing of their country of origin.
The memorandum itself may well have dealt with Pelagianism. That would then be the reason Augustine addressed De perfectione iustitiae to them. Noris holds this opinion because Augustine makes no other response to them.3 This is a good reason. On the other hand, Possidius places De perfectione iustitiae following De natura et gratia which was completed after Orosius left Africa to find Jerome.4 Augustine advises Orosius to take this trip in the work Augustine addressed to him in response to Orosius’ memorandum after Paul and Eutropius had presented theirs to him.5 Augustine does not say Paul and Eutropius requested De perfectione iustitiae in their memorandum.
Probably Orosius’ memorandum concerned heresies in Spain other than Pelagianism. According to Orosius, Paul and Eutropius had indicated some heresies, but not all. Augustine was obliged to gather promptly the essence of Priscillianism and Origenism with their various roots and branches. Orosius supposes these heresies were of the same genre and thus Augustine could...