Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Note 60: Heros and Lazarus
Heros and Lazarus
According to Noris, Lazarus followed Pelagius to Palestine in 415 and returned to France in 417.2 His basis for this opinion is that Zosimus, in a letter dated September 22, 417, deposed bishop Ursus partially because Lazarus had assisted at his ordination.3 However, Noris has not proved that Ursus was ordained in 417. Zosimus says Lazarus ordained Ursus with Proculus who himself had been deposed. It would have been advantageous to Lazarus to have Zosimus’ approbation and protection. However, Zosimus’ words are not dependable. He expresses himself confusedly and could have been poorly informed of the facts of the matter. Lazarus could also have assisted at the ordination of Ursus after his deposition, but before leaving France for the East. Whatever the situation, if he was in France in 417, he likely returned to the East to follow Pelagius’ condemnation.
Noris correctly rebuffs the false speculations of modern Spanish scholars claiming Heros and Lazarus had been transferred from France to Spain. They cite as proof Letter 185 of Augustine. However, Augustine writes nothing except that Orosius came from Palestine in 416 and brought letters from these two bishops. ← 439 | 440 →