Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren
Note 62: Orosius’ Historia
Marcellinus’ Chronicle dates Orosius’ Historia in seven books under the consuls of 416. Orosius himself says that he finished this work the year 5598 from the creation of the world.2 Baronius has read 5618 (VMDCXVIII) in the place where others have read VMDXCVIII, eliminating one number.3 Vossius also reads year 5618—the other number is doubtless an error.4 According to his supposition, Baronius says the year 5618 is 417 A.D. Rather the year should read 419 since Orosius dates the birth of Christ at the end of the forty-second year of Augustus, 5199 since the creation of the world.5
Orosius had finished his work after he had seen Jerome in Bethlehem and after Vallia, king of the Goths, had made peace with Honorius and given him Placidia.6 According to chronicles of Prosper and Idatius, this peace took place in 416. In the previous year, Vallia had seen his navy perish. He had sent his navy against Africa before he made peace with the empire. We can not date this event any later than 416. Thus Orosius began his history in 416 and completed it no later than 417. ← 442 | 443 →
1 See Art 256.
2 Historia VII,53.
3 Baronius 414,§25; 415,§63.
4 Vossius II,14.
5 Historia II,3.
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