Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren
Note 76: Council of Carthage (418)
Council of Carthage (418)
According to David, the council of Carthage where Faustinus first presented himself as Zosimus’ legate in behalf of Apiarius is nothing other than the assembly of deputies remaining at Carthage from the large council of May 1, 418.2 Novatus of Stesan Mauretania apparently assisted there and is not among the number of deputies listed from that province.3 That aside, Faustinus would have had to arrive and been informed beforehand that two deputies, Augustine and Alypius, had traveled to Algeria during September, 418. If that is so, why was the Apiarius affair not terminated in 418 in the four or five months still remaining? It would not have been necessary to re-assemble a large general council of Africa which in any event had been deferred to May, 419. Likely Faustinus arrived at the end of 418 and Aurelius immediately assembled the nearest bishops together with others who had met at Carthage. Since a general council was necessary, it would have taken place after the winter and Easter.4 Easter fell on March 30, 419. Thus the council should be dated in April, but indications are it occurred May 15 or May 20.5 It is difficult to see exactly when the council took place because of a large number of facts. The schism of Eulalius against Pope Boniface may have just taken place. For this reason, African bishops were to be sent to Italy.
David bases himself on the title of...