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The Life of Augustine of Hippo

Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)

Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren

The seventeenth century was the century of Saint Augustine. In 1695, Louis Sébastien, Le Nain de Tillemont, finished volume 13 of his Mémoires ecclésiastique, entitled La vie de saint Augustin. The volume consisted of approximately 1200 pages wherein Louis Sébastien gathered from the works of Augustine and elsewhere all extant passages relevant to the biography of Augustine of Hippo. Completed in 1695, the biography was published posthumously in 1700. The work lies in the tradition of Jansenism from Port-Royal and the Leuven. Though an ascetic recluse on the family estate for the last twenty years of his life, he was in touch with important French scholars and the ecclesiastical movements of his time. Louis’ work is the first modern biography of Augustine and the most comprehensive of all Augustinian biographies, even today. Modern authors consult him and frequently adopt his theories without citation. His method exercises influence on contemporary Parisian scholarship on Augustine. This English translation has been divided into three volumes covering three time periods: part 1: birth to episcopal consecration (354–396); part 2: the Donatist controversy (396–411); part 3: the Pelagian controversy (411–430).
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Note 79: Emilius, Bishop of Beneventus


NOTE 791

Emilius, Bishop of Beneventus

Vignier cites from Paulinus that Julian’s wife was the daughter of bishop Emilius.2 However Paulinus does not say this. If he does not say so, it is strong proof that she is not Emilius’ daughter. Paulinus calls her Juliana several times. He calls her the child of Memorius and of the house of Memorius.3 Memorius was the father of Juliana. This indicates that if Emilius were related to one or the other he would necessarily have been a distant relative.

Nevertheless Emilius held a marriage ceremony. Paulinus gives the reason, but in an obscure manner: Junior et senior Memorius est, he says, . … qui minor hic puer est. Posterius natus senior, quia sede sacerdos gestat apostolicam pectore canitiem, filius est fraterque Memor and so forth. The sense of these words is unclear if Memorius was not the elder of the two, but was ordained bishop after Emilius and by Emilius, or Emilius, although younger, was his metropolitan which sede sacerdos and so forth obliges us to say.4 But was there a metropolitan then in Campania or nearby?5 Apparently Memorius and Julian lived there. Is it possible all these countries were then under the metropolitan of Rome and there were no other metropolitans except for him? Emilius was in the East in 406 because of Chrysostom and was bishop of Beneventus.6 It is easy to believe with Rofweide, Vignier, and others he is the one of whom Paulinus speaks....

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