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The Life of Augustine of Hippo

Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)

Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren

The seventeenth century was the century of Saint Augustine. In 1695, Louis Sébastien, Le Nain de Tillemont, finished volume 13 of his Mémoires ecclésiastique, entitled La vie de saint Augustin. The volume consisted of approximately 1200 pages wherein Louis Sébastien gathered from the works of Augustine and elsewhere all extant passages relevant to the biography of Augustine of Hippo. Completed in 1695, the biography was published posthumously in 1700. The work lies in the tradition of Jansenism from Port-Royal and the Leuven. Though an ascetic recluse on the family estate for the last twenty years of his life, he was in touch with important French scholars and the ecclesiastical movements of his time. Louis’ work is the first modern biography of Augustine and the most comprehensive of all Augustinian biographies, even today. Modern authors consult him and frequently adopt his theories without citation. His method exercises influence on contemporary Parisian scholarship on Augustine. This English translation has been divided into three volumes covering three time periods: part 1: birth to episcopal consecration (354–396); part 2: the Donatist controversy (396–411); part 3: the Pelagian controversy (411–430).
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Note 80: Julian of Eclanum

Extract

NOTE 801

Julian of Eclanum

According a printed edition, Gennadius says Julian was bishop of Capua.2 Pope Gelasius qualifies him as bishop of Celanes or Celenes.3 In his preface on the Canticles Bede calls him bishop of Celenes. Likely Bede wished to indicate the place where he was bishop although his words Iuliani Celanensis Episcopi a Camapania could mean that he lived in Celenes and was bishop in Campania. Prosper says Iulianum Heclanensem and Peter the Deacon writes to Fulgentius Iulianum Eclanensem. That phrase could be understood as the place of his birth, not his episcopacy.

These citations would not prevent us from believing Julian was bishop of Capua if it were not noted in Gennadius that the better manuscripts do not express the place of his episcopacy. Instead of Capuanus, they read Campanus which could mean he was bishop in Campania. Thus he could have been bishop of Capua according to the ancient editions of Gennadius or bishop of Celenes, a city of Campania at that time, if the texts of Gelasius, of Peter the Deacon, of Bede were corrected by Prosper. He could have been bishop of Atellus which was also in Campania as we read in Prosper, if the new editions had not placed Eclanenses or Heclanensis as founded on what are claimed to be better manuscripts. This correction has not prevented Chifflet from maintaining the ancient reading of Prosper is the best of all and the true place of his...

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