Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Note 83: Letters to Celestine
Letters to Celestine
At one time Du Perron proposed reasons which could cause us to doubt the authenticity of the letter of the African council to Pope Celestine.2 He has since abandoned this opinion and wishes to recognize the piece as legitimate. His former objections affect no one except Capelle. His reasons did not prevent the piece from being recognized by the entire scholarly world as incontestable. David is interested in rejecting this letter, but defends it against du Perron’s doubts.3 Lupus has done the same thing against Capelle who had rejected both the letter to Celestine, the letter to Pope Boniface, and all the acts of the so-called Sixth Council of Carthage as suspect pieces.4
Du Perron still maintains doubts concerning the authenticity of text of the letter to Celestine.5 According to du Perron, the text may have been altered by schismatics of the sixth century or later or the Latin original has been lost in as much as the letter as we possess it is a translation from Greek. Since this letter is found in Latin in Collectio Carthaginensis, in the Code of Dionysius Exiguus, and in other ancient sources, the letter can not be claimed to come from the Greek. The presumption is that the original Latin text is extant in so far as the contrary can not be proved. Du Perron alleges nothing to show the text has been corrupted, but he claims to prove two errors coming...