Part Three: The Pelagian Crisis (411–430)
Edited By Frederick Van Fleteren
Note 92: Letter 227
In his second letter to Quoduultdeus, written apparently at the end of 428 or later, Augustine mentions Alypius who was in Rome at the time and gives him no other title than brother.2 Evidently Alypius was not yet primate of Numidia. He became primate later since Augustine qualifies him so by name in the inscription of Letter 227, Alypio seni. Chifflet and Noris have concluded this also.3 This letter is written some time after Easter before 430 since Tagaste was then with the remainder of Africa, in Vandal hands.4 Apparently all was calm at the time in Numidia where this letter was written.
Nothing else can be judged from this letter except the address to a friend and neighbor with whom Augustine had been in contact and with whom he was familiar. As for the time of writing, Augustine had already written De haeresibus before Alypius had brought him Julian’s three final books from Rome. Likely Alypius came to Africa before the end of 429. Many reasons exist to believe he was in Africa in 428 before he was primate. Although Letter 227 is apparently written to a neighbor with whom Augustine could easily correspond, that does not prevent us from believing the letter was written to Rome. Are there any indications in this letter, especially at a time filled with fearful affairs and misfortunes in Africa, that the letter is only partially extant in an extract? That the address...