The Global Legacy
Edited By Michael A. Peters and Tina Besley
Chapter Twenty: On the Streets With Paulo Freire and Simone Weil, Talking With Gamilaraay Students About Hèlio Oiticica
On the Streets with Paulo Freire and Simone Weil, Talking With Gamilaraay Students About Hèlio Oiticica
Paulo Freire stated, “Hope is an ontological need. Hopelessness is but hope that has lost its bearings, and become a distortion of that ontological need” (2004, p. 2). Time in the world dries all tears and the unforgiven is forgotten. But it is not enough that tears be wiped away or death avenged. Emmanuel Levinas stated that “hope then is to hope for the reparation of the irreparable; it is to hope for the present” (2008, p. 93). Hope also requires a methodology and strategy expressed through multiple psychological, social, cultural, political, and economic possibilities. Becoming hopeful involves processes of transformation, self-determination, and independence; decolonising our minds from the web of jargon and ideas proliferating from official discourses of failure and brokenness; healing our minds, bodies, and spirits and connecting with a community and moving forward. The community seems willing to accept and expect pervasive hopelessness from particular individuals, groups, and places.
Hope offers the possibility of a new beginning and is intrinsic to Freire’s concept of the Easter Experience, a radicalising encounter with the oppressed through education. The Easter Experience involves a “practice of freedom the means by which men and women deal critically and creatively with reality and discover how to participate in the transformation of their world” (Shaul in Freire, 2000, p. 34). One then invents new ways...