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Paulo Freire

The Global Legacy

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Michael A. Peters and Tina Besley

This collection is the first book devoted to Paulo Freire’s ongoing global legacy to provide an analysis of the continuing relevance and significance of Freire’s work and the impact of his global legacy. The book contains essays by some of the world’s foremost Freire scholars – McLaren, Darder, Roberts, and others – as well as chapters by scholars and activists, including the Maori scholars Graham Hingangaroa Smith and Russell Bishop, who detail their work with the indigenous people of Aotearoa-New Zealand. The book contains a foreword by Nita Freire as well as chapters from scholars around the world including Latin America, Asia, the United States, United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Australia. With a challenging introduction from the editors, Michael A. Peters and Tina Besley, this much-awaited addition to the Freire archive is highly recommended reading for all students and scholars interested in Freire, global emancipatory politics, and the question of social justice in education.
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Chapter Twenty: On the Streets With Paulo Freire and Simone Weil, Talking With Gamilaraay Students About Hèlio Oiticica

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CHAPTER TWENTY

On the Streets with Paulo Freire and Simone Weil, Talking With Gamilaraay Students About Hèlio Oiticica

CHARLOTTE SEXTON

Paulo Freire stated, “Hope is an ontological need. Hopelessness is but hope that has lost its bearings, and become a distortion of that ontological need” (2004, p. 2). Time in the world dries all tears and the unforgiven is forgotten. But it is not enough that tears be wiped away or death avenged. Emmanuel Levinas stated that “hope then is to hope for the reparation of the irreparable; it is to hope for the present” (2008, p. 93). Hope also requires a methodology and strategy expressed through multiple psychological, social, cultural, political, and economic possibilities. Becoming hopeful involves processes of transformation, self-determination, and independence; decolonising our minds from the web of jargon and ideas proliferating from official discourses of failure and brokenness; healing our minds, bodies, and spirits and connecting with a community and moving forward. The community seems willing to accept and expect pervasive hopelessness from particular individuals, groups, and places.

Hope offers the possibility of a new beginning and is intrinsic to Freire’s concept of the Easter Experience, a radicalising encounter with the oppressed through education. The Easter Experience involves a “practice of freedom the means by which men and women deal critically and creatively with reality and discover how to participate in the transformation of their world” (Shaul in Freire, 2000, p. 34). One then invents new ways...

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